The European Organization for Nuclear Research, more commonly known as CERN, has reached 7 sigma certainty on the fact that it has found the ever elusive Higgs Boson particle, or a particle that is Higgs-like. This observed particle has a mass of 125 GeV (Gigaelectron volts) which is the suspected amount of energy emitted by the decay of the alleged Higgs Boson. The Higgs Boson is the one particle that remains undiscovered in the Standard Model of Physics.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research was founded in September of 1954, and is located in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN’s main function is to provide high particle accelerators for physics research. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is one of the key accelerators used at CERN, and is also the collider that is used to attempt to replicate the Higgs Boson particle. It is also the largest and the highest-energy particle accelerator in the world. Construction began in 1998 and finished in 2008. The LHC spends a large majority of its efforts to find the elusive Higgs Boson.
The Higgs Boson is named after scientist and physicist Peter Higgs after he suggested its existence in 1964. This particle is commonly referred to as The God Particle due to the fact that we believe it exists, and there is math that speculates its existence, but there has yet to be any 100% proof. As of yesterday, scientists at CERN are now 99.999999999% that it exists. The proof of the Higgs particle would confirm the fact that protons riding on light beams have zero mass, and would help explain why other weak particles have the weights they do. In a more controversial theory, some believe that the discovery of the Higgs Boson could be the link that proves the Grand Unification Theory and concisely provides evidence that the Universe was formed by the Big Bang.
The Higgs Boson Most Likely Exists After All
The Large Hadron Collider
The Higgs Boson Particle
Via: [Extreme Tech]